Why Education is Important for Children
1. My child is having difficulty in school. Why?
When children have problems or difficulties in their studies, it is very important to find out why.
It may be that a disability is affecting your child’s educational performance. If so, your child may be eligible for help through special education and related services. To learn more about special education read. This publication will explain how you and the school can work together to help your child.
As a first step, before referring your child for an evaluation for special education, the school probably will have to prove sufficient interventions and modify teaching practices in the regular education classroom.
2. What is special education?
Special education is specially designed instruction to meet the unique needs of children with disabilities. This is done in public schools at no cost to parents.
Special education can include special instruction conducted in the classroom, at home, in hospitals and institutions, or in other environments. This definition of special education is the Education Act Individuals with Disabilities (IDEA acronym). This law grants to eligible children with disabilities the right to receive assistance and special services in school.
More than 6.8 million children between 3 and 21 years of age receiving special education and related services each year in the United States services. Each of these children receive specially designed instruction:
- to meet their unique needs (that result from having a disability); Y
- to help the child learn the information and skills that other children are learning in the general education curriculum.
Services Very Young Children Infants and very young children may also have disabilities. Services for these very young children are also part of IDEA.These services are called services early intervention and are for children from birth to third birthday. These services can be very important in helping young children develop and learn.
For more information about early intervention programs, visit Help for babies to their third birthday .
3. Who is eligible for special education?
Children with disabilities are eligible for special education and related services when they meet the definition of a “child with a disability” under IDEA.
This law lists 13 different disability categories under which a child may be eligible for special education and related services. These categories are:
Specific Learning Disability
intellectual disability (formerly known as mental retardation)
visual impairment (including blindness)
Traumatic Brain Injury
Other health impairment (including attention deficit disorder / hyperactivity disorder)
Speech or language
For more information about these disabilities and how IDEA defines them , read our publication disability categories under IDEA .
States and school districts must follow the definitions of the IDEA, but can also add details that will help them make decisions about the eligibility of children. For this reason it is very important that you know the state and local policies.